methods of platinum mining in south africa

methods of platinum mining in south africa

PlatinuminSouthAfrica (MetalReviewSeries no.3)

Rustenburg Platinum Mines Ltd, Gencor's Impala Platinum Ltd,andLonrho's WesternPlatinum Ltd. ... JOURNAL OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN INSTITUTE OF MINING AND METALLURGY JUNE 1985 167. ... MINING METHODS Inaddition tothepublications referredtodirectlyin

Platinum Mining in South Africa - ProjectsIQ

The platinum mining industry in South Africa increased production from 163 tons in 2010 to almost 200 tons in 2017, with total sales of over R 9 billion. Africa Mining IQ currently tracks 82 platinum projects across South Africa across all stages of development. As of March 2018 these are:

MINE DEVELOPMENT – ACCESS TO DEPOSIT

The Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy Platinum 2012 101 S.M. Rupprecht MINE DEVELOPMENT – ACCESS TO DEPOSIT S.M. Rupprecht University of Johannesburg Abstract A deposit to be mined by underground methods can be accessed by a number of methods: • Adit • Decline or ramp • Inclined shaft • Vertical shaft.

Marikana Platinum Mine, Rustenburg, South Africa - Mining ...

Marikana Platinum Mine, Rustenburg, South Africa. Marikana is located near Rustenburg, about 112km from Johannesburg in South Africa. It is a producer of platinum group minerals (PGMs) and covers an area of 33km2. The mine was commissioned at the end

Platinum Mining and Refining | Education

Modern Platinum Mining Techniques. Most of the mining for platinum ore occurs deep underground. To extract the mineral-rich materials, miners pack explosives into holes drilled in the rock and blast it into smaller pieces. The broken rock is then collected and transported to the surface for processing. Platinum production in South Africa.

List Of All Platinum Mines In South Africa (Names) - South ...

Jan 12, 2021 · List Of names of platinum mines in South Africa. South Africa is blessed with various lucrative mineral resources, including platinum, and the mining sector keeps contributing massively to the country’s growth. In fact, many of the richest individuals and companies in South Africa earned their wealth from this sector.

How to achieve better extraction and safer mining methods

Aug 21, 2019 · The Mandela Mining Precinct, which was launched in September 2018, is pursuing six research areas, through three work streams and three cross-cutting initiatives aimed at extending the lives of South Africa’s underground, and often deep level gold and platinum operations, which are constrained by the above mentioned challenges.

Mining industry of South Africa - Wikipedia

Mining in South Africa was once the main driving force behind the history and development of Africa's most advanced and richest economy. Large-scale and profitable mining started with the discovery of a diamond on the banks of the Orange River in 1867 by Erasmus Jacobs and the subsequent discovery and exploitation of the Kimberley pipes a few years later. Gold rushes to Pilgrim's Rest and Barbertonwere precursors to the biggest discovery of all, the Main Reef/Main Reef Leader on Gerhardus Oosthuizen's

Platinum in the South African economy

the methods used by SSA to calculate this indicator and its place in the System of National Accounts. South Africa exports almost all its platinum production. According to data published by the Department of Minerals and Energy, South Africa exported platinum worth R30.458 bn out of total production worth R34.828 bn in 2002 (87.45%).

The Platinum Group Element Deposits of the Bushveld ...

There are enough platinum group element deposits in the Bushveld Complex in South Africa to supply world demands for many decades or even a century using current mining techniques. Demonstrated reserves and resources published by mining companies make detailed calculations up to a maximum of about twenty years ahead, but there is abundant and adequate geological evidence that these

How Is Platinum Mined History Techniques and Photos

A recently opened underground section uses deeper level extraction methods. In Stillwater, Montana, pgm is extracted from the J-M Reef. 80% of their platinum and palladium-rich ore is mined using a mechanized ramp and fill method, much like the LHD method in South Africa.

List Of All Platinum Mines In South Africa (Names) - South ...

Jan 12, 2021 · List Of names of platinum mines in South Africa. South Africa is blessed with various lucrative mineral resources, including platinum, and the mining sector keeps contributing massively to the country’s growth. In fact, many of the richest individuals and companies in South Africa earned their wealth from this sector.

Northam Platinum Limited - PGM Mining in South Africa

Sep 29, 2020 · The Booysendal mine was opened in 2013 and consists of three mines that produce around 160,000 oz of refined Platinum Group Metals per annum. In 2015, Northam Platinum acquired Everest Platinum mine from Aquarius Platinum. The company also acquired a 7.5% share in Pandora mine alongside Lonmin and Anglo American Platinum.

PGE Production in Southern Africa, Part I: Production and ...

Nov 18, 2017 · Platinum group elements (PGEs) are an important resource for many applications, such as automotive catalytic converters for vehicles, jewelry, electrical devices and as catalysts in the chemical and petroleum industries. At present, the greatest share of global PGE supply is extracted from the South African Bushveld Complex and from the Zimbabwean Great Dyke. In this context, this article ...

Atok Gold-Platinum Mine In Limpopo, South Africa | The ...

The Atok Gold-Platinum Mine is in Limpopo, South Africa. The site was first discovered in 1924. The Atok Gold-Platinum Mine is a underground mining operation. Initial production took place in 1924. Mine operations consist of underground workings. Underground features include 1 shaft and 1 incline.

A linear programming and stochastic analysis of mining ...

The Merensky and UG2 reefs of the Bushveld Complex in South Africa are currently the largest source of known platinum resources and reserves in the world. Conventional, hybrid and mechanised mining methods are used to extract the platinum reefs. Conventional mining is the most prevalent mining method

Homepage | The Platinum Belt

But South Africa’s platinum mining industry has also attracted attention for all the wrong reasons. The tragic events that unfolded between 11th and 16th August 2012 at Anglo Platinum’s Lonmin Mine in Marikana in the North West Province resulted in the deaths of 44 people, 34 of whom were protesting miners gunned down by the South African ...

The top five platinum-mining companies in the world

Oct 26, 2020 · The world’s top five platinum-mining companies, by annual production. 1. Anglo American Platinum – 2.05 million ounces. Founded in 1995 and based in Johannesburg, South Africa, Anglo American Platinum is the world’s largest platinum-mining company – with production output of just over two million ounces in 2019.

PGMs – Anglo American South Africa

Based in South Africa, our Platinum business is the world’s leading major producer of platinum. We produce around 37% of the world’s newly mined production of this precious metal. We mine, process and refine the entire range of platinum group metals (PGMs), which are platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium and osmium.

20 Shaft Platinum Project South Africa - Byrnecut

Number 20 Shaft is a site on the Implat’s Impala Project, situated just outside Rustenburg, South Africa. Mining at the Rustenburg complex started in 1969. To expedite production at 20 Shaft, Byrnecut was contracted to assist and train Impala’s personnel in trackless development methods and systems.

Contributors to Fatigue of Mine Workers in the South ...

Jun 01, 2019 · Methods. Data collection took place at four gold mines and one platinum mine in South Africa. A total of 21 focus groups were held with individuals in management, union representatives, and mine workers, and 564 questionnaires were completed by mine workers to gather information about fatigue and potential contributors to fatigue at these mines.

Bushveld Igneous Complex - Wikipedia

However, the environmental costs for platinum mines are only slightly higher in energy, somewhat lower in water and moderately higher in greenhouse gas emissions when compared to gold mining. Social issues. South Africa's economy is heavily tied to its mining industry and has been greatly affected by low metal prices.

Production - South Africa - PMM

The Merensky Reef was the principal source of pgm from the time that it was first worked in 1925 until the end of the 20th century. However, extraction of other reefs has grown in importance, and by 2011 the Merensky Reef accounted for only 22 per cent of all the platinum ore processed in South Africa. Exploitation of the UG2 began in the 1970s ...

South African strategy for platinum ... - Mining Review Africa

Feb 06, 2019 · South African strategy for platinum outlined. The Minerals Council, led by CEO Roger Baxter, and Anglo American Platinum CEO, Chris Griffith, hosted a media briefing on the National Platinum Strategy for South Africa at Mining Indaba 2019. The South African economy has benefited significantly from PGM mining. Between 1980 and 2015 the industry ...

THE PRIMARY PRODUCTION OF PLATINUM GROUP METALS

For example, in South Africa, PGM-bearing ores generally have a low PGM content of between 2 and 6 grams per tonne and it will typically take up to six months and between 10 and 40 tonnes of ore to produce one ounce (31.1035g) of platinum.2 Most of the PGM mines in South Africa operate at a depth below 500 metres and up to 2 kilometres. Their ...

Extraction and Refining of the Platinum Metals | Johnson ...

A major development in the world’s platinum industry took place in the early nineteen twenties when large deposits of platinum bearing ore were discovered in the Transvaal in South Africa. This led to the formation in 1931 of Rustenburg Platinum Mines Limited to work these deposits, and this company remains to this day the only platinum producer in South Africa and the only major producer in ...

20 Shaft Platinum Project South Africa - Byrnecut

Number 20 Shaft is a site on the Implat’s Impala Project, situated just outside Rustenburg, South Africa. Mining at the Rustenburg complex started in 1969. To expedite production at 20 Shaft, Byrnecut was contracted to assist and train Impala’s personnel in trackless development methods and systems.

Sources of platinum - Mining Weekly

Aug 21, 2009 · Platinum is produced in five countries in the world. Of these, South Africa is by far the largest producer, accounting for over 75% of global output in 2008, reports Creamer Media's Research ...

Marikana Platinum Mine, Rustenburg - NS Energy

The consolidation of Rustenburg Platinum Mines, Aquarius South Africa and Lonmin’s Marikina operations will turn Sibanye-Stillwater into a fully-integrated PGM producer in South Africa. Marikana platinum mine geology. Lonmin’s Marikana mining rights are situated in the southern part of the western limb of the Bushveld Complex in South Africa.

Sedibelo Platinum Mines

Fully-integrated Sedibelo Platinum Mines Limited (SPM) is involved in the exploration, development, operation and processing of Platinum Group Metals (PGM) mineral deposits in the Bushveld Complex (BC) in South Africa, one of the richest ore deposits in the world. Having already produced some 1.5m 4PGE (Platinum Group Elements) ounces since March 2009 with more to come, SPM has

The Top Platinum Producing Countries In The World

Apr 25, 2017 · The Merensky Reef, the major platinum source, was first used for platinum mining in 1925 until the close of the 20th century. The UG2 Reef opened in the 1970s and from then on became the major source of platinum in South Africa, accounting for over a majority of the platinum

Platinum News | African Mining Market

Platinum. The African hub for platinum investors, and comprehensive information on coal mining and latest market data. Mar - 2021 -. 17 Mar. Bloomberg News. 0.

Major Mines & Projects | Eland Mine

The mining method for the Zilkaatsnek opencast operation comprise of a series of boxcuts, which, once the ore has been removed, the next cut of overburden is removed and the initial void backfilled. Voids will be backfilled as part of the EP Proposed Projects. Re-mining EP has been authorised to re-mine the tailings in Paddock 1.

South African Mining - Mining Africa

The coal mining industry represents around 19% of total employment in the South African mining sector. The country is believed to have sufficient coal reserves to satisfy its needs for over a century. Platinum Mining in South Africa Platinum was discovered in South Africa in 1924. Geologist Hans Merensky followed up and found other deposits ...

Occupational respiratory diseases in the South African ...

Background: Crystalline silica and asbestos are common minerals that occur throughout South Africa, exposure to either causes respiratory disease. Most studies on silicosis in South Africa have been cross-sectional and long-term trends have not been reported. Although much research has been conducted on the health effects of silica dust and asbestos fibre in the gold-mining and asbestos-mining ...

Modern Mining Underground | Anglo American

After successful proof of concept trials in South Africa in 2013, it is now being optimised specifically for platinum mining. 3. Slot Borers. Also under development with Atlas Copco another reef mining innovation is the Slot Borer. Based on proven raise-boring technology but designed to drill narrow vein hard rock ore body of just 1m-1.5m.